Header image above. Derivative work. Original: Adrian Tync CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Derivative work. Original: aququ, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Tram Route 38 in Bytom
Tram route 38 in Bytom is part of the Upper Silesian Interurban tramway network in southern Poland. Currently it is the shortest tram route in Poland and possibly the shortest in the world.
The route runs daily north to south (and back) along Piekarska Street from Silesian Insurgents Bytom tram stop. Polish Bytom Powstańców Śląskich. The route has 5 stops with a track length of 1,350 metres. The track gauge is standard at 1,435 mm.
At its southern end it terminates at tram stop Bytom Holy Trinity Church. Polish Bytom Kościół św. Trójcy. It joins the rest of the Upper Silesian interurban tramway network via a short walk to Bytomcourt tram stop. Polish Bytom Sąd.
Derivative work. Original: ES64U4, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
History of tram route 38
The first trams on Piekarska Street (German Piekarerstrasse) started operating in 1913. Source: Book Tramwaje górnośląskie (Upper Silesian Tramways) published by Eurosprinter, Poland.
This was before Poland’s independence, which was to follow after WWI. Prior to independence, Bytom was in the Kingdom of Prussia and known by its German name of Beuthen.
The postcard shown here is archived at the Silesian Digital Library, which dates it between 1910 and 1914.
The tram track can be seen clearly and on close inspection you may be able to see the overhead power line supporting wires, which are attached to the left-hand side brickwork of the first bay windows of the post office.
Since we know that the first trams on Piekarska Street commenced operation in 1913, a more accurate date for this postcard could be 1913.
You can see a photograph of Piekarska Street, from contemporary times, in the Attractions Near Tram Route 38 in Bytom photo gallery, further down in this article.
Tram Line on Piekarska Street – Timeline of Key Events
Trams start running on Piekarska Street
Städtischen Straßenbahn Beuthen launches tram route number III with the line running to Beuthen (today Bytom) city square.
Tram extension and route number change
The line was extended to the Deutsch Bleischarley Grube coal mine and the route number changed to 33. Since 1945, when Bytom came within the new Polish borders, the mine is known as Nowy Orzeł Biały.
Route number change
The route number changed to 35
Tram service withdrawn on Piekarska Street
Line reopened and route number change
Tram service restored to Piekarska Street. Route number changed to 38
Tram Service Suspended
Due to the pandemic, the tram service was suspended because the Konstal N trams did not have a separate driver’s cab.
Tram Service Resumed
The line reopened using only new Moderus trams, which have a separate driver’s cab.
A scheduled passenger route
This daily scheduled tram route is one of the iconic visiting points of Bytom. Passengers and tourists can use the route at regular tramway prices.
In March 2020 tram route 38 in Bytom was suspended because the historical Konstal Type N vintage tram cars used on the route could not be adapted to meet COVID secure health requirements.
The route was reinstated on 9th July 2020 with new Moderus type low-floor tram cars that meet new health requirements. The Moderus tram cars isolate the tram driver from passengers as the driver is separated by being in a cab. The new tram cars are partially disabled friendly, having a low floor just short of 50% of the tram car length.
Derivative work. Original: MephiR, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Operational note. The first morning tram leaves the Stroszek tram depot in Bytom on route to Piekarska Street. Afterwards the tram only continues working up and down Piekarska Street. Once the last scheduled tram finishes working at the end of the day, it heads back to the Stroszek tram depot.
A pledge to reinstate the vintage tram cars by the tramway operator and Bytom city authority
Both the tramway operator (Silesian Tramways) and Bytom city authority have pledged to reinstate the vintage tram cars once the pandemic restrictions are eased. The plan is to have the Moderus low-floor trams and the historic Konstal N trams running alternately.
Tram route 38 in Bytom – Photo Gallery
Konstal N trams – Historical details
The Konstal N tram is a bi-directional tram. Therefore, it does not need a loop for turning round. The Piekarska Street tramline is single track and does not have a loop at either end.
Following World War II, there was an acute shortage of tramway stock in Poland. Post war tramway operators needed a way of producing tramcars as quickly and as simply as possible.
The tramway operators decided to construct a modernised version of a German tram car previously manufactured during the war. The German Kriegsstraßenbahnwagen (KSW for short) started production in Germany during 1943. The KSW was of very simple construction yet ideally suited for passenger use during war time due to four wide one-piece manually operated doors. This meant that during a time of danger, such as an air raid, the passengers could be speedily evacuated.
Photo attribution: Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F011897-0005 / Kalesky, Dr. / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Production of the first Konstal N trams
The first copies of the KSW were produced in 1948, thus beginning the era of the Konstal N type tramcar and future Konstal tramcar development. The Konstal N 954 type was produced in 1949 and the Konstal N 1118 type started production in 1951. Bytom has two Konstal N type tramcars, one from 1949 and the other from 1951. Both models feature in the photo gallery above.
Normally the tram driver operates these trams while standing. However, it seems that at times drivers like to bring along their office chairs, as illustrated in the photograph. I would do exactly the same.
Attribution: Smiley.toerist, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Konstal N Tram Specifications
|Konstal N Tram – Specifications|
|Car length||10,400 mm (34 ft 1 in)|
|Width||2,160 mm (7 ft 1 in)|
|Height||3,300 mm (10 ft 10 in)|
|Power output||2×60 kW|
|Electric system(s)||600 V DC|
|Current collection method||pantograph|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in), 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
Attribution: Tram on Piekarska Street in Bytom by Michał Kasprzak 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) via flickr
Konstal N Tram – How it works
Wrocławska Komunikacja (Wrocław Communications) have a detailed web page explaining exactly how the Konstal N tram works.
Interestingly, their page indicates that they have previously modified the driver’s cab to include a door to isolate the driver from passengers.
Watch videos of the Konstal N vintage tram cars working route 38
Driver’s view from the Konstal N 1118 vintage tram
Konstal N 1118 tram working route 38 in Bytom
Konstal N 1118 tram on the way from the Stroczek tram depot to Piekarska Street in Bytom
Watch the driver operating the Konstal N 1118 tram.
Attractions Near Tram Route 38 in Bytom
Images – Attributions
First Photo gallery (Tram Route 38)
1. Derivative work. Original: Adrian Tync CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
2. Derivative work. Original: Piotr Herba CC-BY-SA 3.0 via fotopolska.eu.
3. Derivative work. Original: Smiley.toerist, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
4. Derivative work. Original: Smiley.toerist, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
5. Derivative work. Original: Nemo5576, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
6. Piotr Brzezina: CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 via fotopolska.eu
7, 8 and 9: Smiley.toerist, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
Second Photo gallery (Attractions in Bytom)
1 & 2 Silesian Opera & Post Office: Adrian Tync, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
3: Bytom Town Square: Kazimierz Mendlik, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
4: City Park: Adrian Tync, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
5: Holy Trinity Church: Lestat (Jan Mehlich), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6: Upper Silesian Museum: Michał Bulsa, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons
5: Agora Shopping Centre: Paweł Marynowski, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
6: Stroszek tram depot. Therud, CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons
If you notice any errors in this article, please contact me. You can write to me in English or Polish.
I do hope that once pandemic restrictions are eased, you can experience tram route 38 in Bytom.
Please note that words on this page are copyright © 2021 South Coast View